Saturday, 10 November 2012

6 Days Datong, Pingyao and Taiyuan Tour

6 Days Datong, Pingyao and Taiyuan Tour
Yungang Grottoes, Huayan Monastery, Nine Dragon Wall, Hanging Temple, Pingyao ancient town, Qiao Courtyard, Jin Ancestral Temple
Tour Code: TCT-Datong-02
Tour Type: Private Tour
Best Travel Time: Suitable for the whole year, best from April to November.

Day 1 Arrival Datong
Arrive in Datong, you will be greeted at the train station by your tour guide and transferred to hotel.  In ancient China, Datong was a place of strategic importance and a place where the Han people frequently exchanged with the ethnic minority peoples in north China.

Meals: No meal
Accommodation: In Datong

Day 2 Datong 
Today, enjoy your city tour famous Buddhist sites including Yungang Grottoes-- one of World Culture SitesHuayan Monastery--the largest and best preserved monastery of the Liao Dynasty in existence in China and Nine Dragon Wall--the oldest and largest glazed screen in China.

Meals: Breakfast, Lunch
Accommodation: In Datong

Yungang Grottoes 

Day 3 Datong  Pingyao Today, you will take a driving to the famous Hanging Temple for a visit there, and then continue your drive to Pingyaoancient town. Pingyao was the home of a powerful trading family with significant commercial influence even beyond Shanxi, as they were in the trade sector, a nationwide business.

Meals: Breakfast, Lunch
Accommodation: In Pingyao

Hanging Temple

Day 4 Pingyao 
Enjoy yourselves in this ancient and relaxing town - Pingyao. Rishengchang Exchange Shop and Ming Qing Streetare two main attractions in this town.

Meals: Breakfast, Lunch
Accommodation: In Pingyao

Pingyao Ancient Town

Day 5 Pingyao  TaiyuanAfter breakfast, take driving to Taiyuan, on the way, you will have a visit to Qiao Courtyard, an enclosed castle style construction, which can be dated back to 1756. And it was once the home of a powerful trading family with significant commercial influence even beyond Shanxi, as theirs was a nationwide business.

Meals: Breakfast, Lunch
Accommodation: In Taiyuan

Qiao Courtyard

Day 6 Departure Taiyuan
Today, you will have a visit to Jin Ancestral Temple, the oldest wooden structure in Taiyuan. After the tour, be transferred to the airport for your flight to next destination.

Breakfast, Lunch

Jin Ancestral Temple

Service Ends

Tuesday, 6 November 2012

Beijing Day 12 - Beijing Ancient Observatory

The World's 2nd Most Famous Scientific Cat. Timekeeping for Nocturnal Party Animal.

sunny 11 °C

The Beijing Ancient Observatory locates above Jiangoumen subway station, which is right next to Yonganli station where Fraser Suites is located. It takes me 12 mins to walk from Fraser Suites to Yonganli Stn, but with a sub 10°C temperature and windy condition, I decided to take a cab straight to the Observatory. It cost  ¥12. The flag-fall fare (¥10) just ticked over.

Beijing Ancient Observatory
Beijing Ancient Observatory from the Highway
I do have a great  interest in astronomy, but more in the theoretical (and much more entertaining) aspects like Black Hole, The Big Bang, Twins Paradox, white dwarf, pulsars and whatnot (anything that helps me to understand Hollywood sci-fi flicks).

I'm not so much into astronomical instruments, which are bland and unexciting (I have yet watched a movie about astronomical instruments). Still, since it's in the neighbourhood, it's well worth the little trouble.

This is the oldest observatory in the world. And it built like 1 of those watch towers (only much bigger) that you would see in the Great Wall with the various instruments sit on top of it. You can easily spot these rusty ancient antiques from the streets.

Beijing Ancient Observatory admission ticket, Beijing, China
Admission ticket: ¥20

One thing that the astronomy enthusiasts would be glad to hear, this place is very quiet as it’s not your usual sightseeing spot (probably busier in peak tourist season. Still, I doubt it would ever be very crowded). I spent about an hour there, and saw no more than 6 visitors. Nothing unusual about that in other countries. In China, it's noteworthy.

Sundial, Beijing Ancient Observatory
Sundial with Arabic numeral markings
(click to enlarge)

The upside of sundial is that it’s green as it ‘powered’ by the sun; the downside is that it too big to put it in your pocket, and too heavy to wear it on your wrist. The sundial says 2 o'clock while the timestamp of the photo says, wait for it, 1:59pm. It still keeps pretty accurate time after a few centuries. If you look in the back, would you find an engraving of "Made in ancient China"? I wondered.

Sundial with Chinese time markings, Beijing Ancient Observatory
Sundial shows 2 o'clock

This Chinese sundial has Chinese time markings. The 2rd or middle ring marks the time of day. Chinese divides the day into 12 "hours". Each Chinese hour is represented by an animal zodiac. The same animal zodiac that marks each year. The innermost and outermost rings divide the Chinese hours into 2 halves, which equals to the duration of the hour that we use today.

The 2 sundials above are photographed within a minutes of each other. So they both should say 2pm. I read this as 3pm. But I think I just read it wrong.

While both China and Greek both came up with sundials independently, it took Chinese to come up with the moondial.

Ancient Egypt is a Sun culture because of its prominence in the dessert. It worship Ra the Sun god and built calendar using it.

Ancient China is a Moon culture. It uses a lunar calendar. It celebrates Mid-Autumn Festival by eating moon cakes (I love it), and entertained by the folklore of the Jade Rabbit (Yutu 玉兔), and the story of Moon Goddess Chang'e or Chang-O (嫦娥). Both of them live in a palace on the moon.

By the way, the Chinese lunar mission is called Chang'e in keeping with the myth of her flying to the moon, and its unmanned lunar rover is called Yutu.

The moondial was handy for all the nocturnal activities. It was not just for the benefits of nocturnal party animals, it was also for the many sanitary workers who disposed the city's wastes in the dead of night. A good timekeeping is important for a proper running of a city.

Ancient Chinese moondial
Moondial, Beijing Ancient Observatory
In ancient China, every night somebody would walk around the city streets, announcing time. It would go something like this, "It's 3 o'clock. Watch out for fire hazard". And the time-announcer would strike the gong a number of times that represents the hours. Any long-time movie fan of the wuxia genre would know exactly what I'm talking about. Where did they get the hours from? Moondial, I presume. What about moonless night? You got me there. They probably used something that doesn't rely on either sunlight or moonlight like the steelyard clepsydra. It's basically a water clock. In reality, I imagine they wouldn't just rely on a single tool, but used all these different tools for cross references.
Steelyard Clepsydra, Beijing Ancient Observatory
Steelyard Clepsydra in the exhibition hall of Beijing Ancient Observatory
Why do they put a bunny in the water clock? It's probably Yutu...Moon culture, remember?

This is probably the most well known scientific cat in Beijing. Maybe in the world after Cheshire Cat. Ok, this is just a physicist's joke. I see photo of this Beijing pussy a few times on the web.

It didn't seem to grin at me, if anything it looked half-apprehensive half-please to the attention of my camera. I'm uncertain about its mood. Apologfor another Quantum Mechanics joke.

The exhibit halls that highlight the Chinese astronomical achievement is of the most interest to me, as well as the Western influence on the development of Chinese modern astronomy.

Armilla or armillary sphere, Beijing Ancient Observatory, China
Armilla or armillary sphere

Astronomy is a science that occupies a special place in history. It's a science that dated far more ancient than the Scientific Revolution that started in 1543 when Nicolas Copernicus published his book titled On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres. So astronomy not only predates the Scientific Revolution for many millennia, it also marks the beginning of the Scientific Revolution.

In the West, this Scientific Revolution came about because Copernicus dared to challenge the Church, which held state power in Medieval Europe.  Copernicus said that it was the earth that revolves around the Sun, not the other way round. For the Medieval people, it's hard to imagine that the earth could spin around the Sun without getting really dizzy. In fact, not only the earth spins around the Sun, it also spins on its own axis. In fact, it spins in more directions, and thousands of times faster than a ballerina. The Church found all these explanation dizzying.

Astronomical instruments, Beijing Ancient Observatory
Astronomical instruments, Beijing Ancient Observatory

Science is an enterprise of making a fool out of "common sense". The so-called "fact" gets in the way of the truth. Why didn't we understand it? And why don't we feel dizzy? The answers to both questions is that we're slow. Very slow. And why don't we fly off the earth as it spins? Because the earth sucks.

The rise of the West marked by the Scientific Revolution. Similarly, China as a leading scientific and technological pioneer was also marked by its achievements in astronomy. Astronomy was important in all major cultures because astronomy was an instrument (no pun intended) of religion, ironically. It was also astronomy that spearheaded by Copernicus, and then further developed by Galileo that eventually led to the downfall of religion in the West, which brought an end to the Dark Age. Borrowing a popular Chinese proverb, "water can support boats, as well as capsize them" = "水能载舟,亦能覆舟".

 Never mind light pollution that all modern observatories concerned with, with day like the one on the 1st day I arrived, you couldn't even see more than a few streets from here, let alone outer space.

Just as ironic, it's the progress of science and technology that causes light pollution.

Saturday, 3 November 2012

Beijing Day 9 - Sanlitun & Yashow Clothing Market

Was planning to go to Sanlitun (三里屯) sometimes during this trip. It was a perfect day for it because it was raining cats and dogs (we forgot to bribe the weather god with food offering).

After a quick obligatory tour of the high-end shopping mall with designer label shops, we went to the next door downmarket Yashow or Yaxiu Clothing Market (雅秀服装市场) for the actual shopping. Beijing had a few of such designer label knock-off shopping areas. We went to the Silk Street 2 nights ago. None are bigger than the Shanghai's Qipu Road. Still it's big when comparing to similar markets in other countries.

Sanlitun, Beijing
Sanlitun Shopping Centre

Seasoned shoppers recommend to bargain down to 75% of the shoppers' offer prices. We bought a parka for our coming trip to Datong next week. Their asking price was ¥400, and we haggled it down to ¥200. We could have driven the prices down a bit more, but that last ¥50 takes too much effort.

Such bargaining isn't for everyone, especially tourists who got used to buy things off the pricetags. Some of the price haggling got a little personal, and out of hand. It's not uncommon to see heated bargaining that looked more like an argument. It's quite funny to watch if it doesn't happen to you. Since I had zero interest in shopping, these "trade shows" bought me some measure of boredom reliefs.

These shopkeepers have no problems if you ignore them as you're walking past, showing little interests in their merchandise. When you started to make enquiry with eagerness and making some efforts in bargaining, it would get their knickers in a twist if you suddenly ignoring them and walking away.  I saw a couple of examples of this category of customers being hurled a few colourful Chinese expressions as they walked away, ignoring the repeated loud cries of "How much you say? How much?" What followed automatically sounded like a barrage from an automatic rifle of Chinese name calling. Well, if you dangle a carrot so close to the mouth that somebody can almost taste it, and then just snatch it away, you're being a teaser customer. Nothing riled these shopkeepers up more than teaser customers.

It rained even heavier when we decided to call it a day. Caught yourself in this weather would be nightmarish, but Lady Luck decided to give us a break. We was able to catch a taxi within 3 mins, which was hard in Beijing any time of the day.  In this weather seeed like a absolute fluke.

Beijing cabbie are in general stressful, and this weather wouldn't help. Well, like I said, Lady Luck was also on our side, and gave us an exceptional cabbie. He was humming a relaxing tune as we got into his taxi, quite a contrast to the inclement weather. And greeted us with "Ciao". He explained that's "Hello" in Spanish and Italian. To find a cheerful Beijing cabbie is a rare sight. And next to impossible in this weather.

At the traffic light, he took out 1 of his 5 Rubic Cubes of various sizes and shapes on top of his dashboard, twisted and and rotated in blurring speed, the Cube was solved with the same colour in all sides before the traffic light changed. He told us this took 9.2 sec as he stopped the timer on his dashboard. When asked, he told me that his record is 8 sec. Seems like he was 1 of the very few Beijing taxi drivers who was able to cope with stress with diversion and right attitude.

Friday, 2 November 2012

Beijing Day 8 - H5O & the Great Firewall of China

Trying to Peer through the Murky Mist of Great Fire Wall of China of the Chinese Internet and Media Censorship.

Great Fire Wall of China
Jinshanling Great Wall shrouded in mist
After a week of touring Beijing, I finally had a well earned rest. A break from holiday break.

Turned on the TV, and as I channel surfed, my eyes were caught by an episode of H5O (the old Jack Lord series of Hawaii-Five-O. The new series is written as H50, not H5O).

"Déjà vu!" I thought to myself.

I remembered vividly watching H5O (Season 2 or 3) in AXN in another hotel room in HK while I had a break just like today. And wrote a diary entry/post HK Day 4 - Hawaii-Five-O, The Fed & China after the viewing.

Here I'm, in another Fraser Suites hotel room in Beijing, resting, gracing by another episode of H5O Season 4. Once again, the H5O's arch-nemesis Mr. Wo Fat wearing his - supposedly the sinister Fu Manchu - moustache was at it again, up to his usual tricks of attempting to destroy the Free West, especially Uncle Sam. They don't make innocent (or silly depending on your viewpoint) enterainment like that any more.

Media Censorship in China
No, I'm not having another dig at the writer of H5O as I had done in the above linked post. What I'm thinking this time is TV - and media - censorship in PRC. Like many countries, Chinese authority censored films with moral values that they don't like. In addition, they also censored and ban films that paints a negative portrayal of PRC. A good example of this is  Zhang Yimou's To Live (1994) because it dares to be critical of the Chinese Communist party. Or indeed any negative portrayal of China as a nation would be banned.

It was viewed in this light that I slightly surprise - not shocked - that H5O are allowed to be aired in Mainland China. Perhaps I had to rethink about PRC's censorship. And from that day onward, I begun to watch all TV programs in my hotel with an eye towards censorship.

First off, I also subscribe AXN in Singapore, and as far as I could tell, the programs that aired in Singapore and China are identical. Never mind the R rated movies on Cinemax (like “When Stranger Calls” that was shown when I was there). And having watched different TV channels with various programs since, my only conclusion was, there’s no censorship of what could be shown in the hotel I stayed in.

For example, during that time, I watched a BBC report that was quite critical of the CCP (Chinese Communist Party) for concentrating too much on economic reforms, and too little on political reforms in the last 3 decades in order to keep their power grip firmly on the country. BBC is known for their independent voice.

The topic of China was coming up a bit because of the upcoming change of leadership in the CCP (only a week after Barrack Obama's re-election). Well, BBC was actually quite politically correct. In contrast, a Taiwanese channel showed even more juicy stuff like speculating on the next Chinese leader and the rather unflattering expose on the hidden face of the powerful elites behind the Politburo; the kind of personal stuff that any politician in the West wouldn’t want their public to find out. Yes, I've seen it on a TV in Beijing, China. The Taiwanese program is naturally spoke in Mandarin.

If I watched this program in, say Taiwan, I wouldn't give it another thought. After all, they made this program. I wouldn't want to jump to conclusion about PRC's censorship one way or another too quickly, so I asked James - a Singaporean who has been working in China for 18 years - about censorship on TV in China. He applied, "very little". I asked if he could remember a specific instance where he suspected censorship, and what did it look like. He couldn't recall. I got the impression that there was none.

I had previous experience that made me surprise to James' reply.  I stayed in Etta's dad's place in Guangzhou earlier this year. His favourite channel was TVBJ that broadcast directly from HK into China. In one news report, in the middle of president Hu Jintao's sentence, it was abruptly cut to a TV commercial. And just as sudden, the TV commercial was cut before it finished, and returned to the previous news program, but at a slightly later time because President Hu had done talking.

I was confused what was going on, thinking it was some kind of technical glitches. In a dismal voice, Etta's dad explained that what I witnessed was censorship in action, Chinese style. The broadcast was censored live, I think, but with a delay. Let's say the program is delayed by an hour, so whenever the authority didn't like what was on the TV, they cut to a TV commercial and resumed after the censored section. Thus they have an hour - or whatever amount of time delay - to evaluate what was to be censored.

Under the "1 country, 2 systems" policy, HK is given the enviable position (in Mainlanders' eyes) to retain the political freedom that they enjoyed as British colony. This includes freedom of the press, which is more open than many Asian countries, including Japan, for example. Chinese authority isn't going to let this freedom of expression in TVBJ news reports to enter Mainland unfiltered.

One tentative conclusion I could make out of all these observations was that there're double standards being applied to hotels and local residential TV program subscribers. After all, the hotel guests are foreigners, and they have been watching all these stuff all along. What's the point in censoring them? The censorship were aiming at Chinese, not foreigners. Mind you, any local, in this case Beijinger, could also check into any international hotel and watch these TV programs to their heart’s content. They could go overseas and watch these programs. Well, they could go overseas and never come back. And many do. I have more to say about this last few points later.

One has to be very careful in jumping to conclusion too quickly about anything in China. I had done so a number of times. Shame! Shame! Shame! When there's no transparency, the whole censorship - indeed many government policies - is like a black box. We couldn't do anything but to speculate what's inside the black box. Quite often, we got it wrong.

Another conclusion about the censorship is that the central government leaves it to the provincial government to do what they please with the censorship. There maybe other reasons that escape me too...

H5O was coming to the end while I busily brainstorming (that happened a lot), I quickly grabbed the laptop and launched my investigation on the censorship in the internet. One good idea leads to another...

Internet Censorship in China
While they may apply double standards on foreign TV channels in hotels and Chinese citizens, only 1 standard is applying to the internet. And not all the censorship is purely politically motivated. In fact, many censorship are economically based, and other are moral ones.

For example, I can't access some of the globally most visited commercial websites like Face Book, IMDB, Twitter or Blogger within China. Not that the government fear these products as they're dangerous politically if they're in the hands of the people. No. These are paranoid people (usually have never set foot in China) who think PRC is a totalitarian state. They're not as democratic as some countries, I agree. Totalitarian...nah...

Let's look at this list with US internet companies versus the Chinese counterparts.

US Companies Chinese Companies

These very popular US' websites are being blocked in China so that the local private internet companies wouldn't be crushed by US' internet giants. And they're thriving under the state protection. Indeed, 4 out of the 15 top websites globally are Chinese. Russia has 1, and Japan has 1. This wouldn't have been possible if they didn't create barriers to protect them from the onslaught of foreign corporate titans.

There's little question that the products are copied along US' products' lines. Youku even sounds like youtube. I guess this is done on brand association basis.

All the smaller US websites like Tripadviser, however, would be able to get through the Chinese firewall unscathed.

While I expect my blog would be blocked in China, I was surprise that by using following URL, it came up!

(I haven't checked out Wordpress, but I suspect they don't get preferential treatment. I could be wrong. If they aren't blocked in China, this suggests they don't pose a threat, as far as PRC goes).

I felt like I repeated David Copperfield's performance when he did his great publicity stunt by walking through the Great Wall of China. The reason why I would even type this Singapore country domain site address is because in Singapore, google automatically redirected me to this country selective address, whether I like it or not. Both of my .com and .sg blog sites contain identical content. I'm thinking, it's as if Chinese internet watchdog is saying, "If it passes the Singapore Censorship, it's good enuff for us!" I was thinking that, but I didn't really buy the idea. Censorship in Singapore and Elsewhere Sillypore - a nickname locals give Singapore - is well know for heavy censorship. The Sin City - another nickname for Singapore - is a straitlaced society with spotless streets and clean information superhighway. They tend to be more like Australian government where they’re hard on the moral issues like hardcore porn sites, but soft on political ones. At least in Singapore, if a website is censored, this MDA message would come up when you try to visit there. While in China, you get a blank 404 error page. You don't know if you have reached a blocked site, or the site is down, or some other technical isues. This is what I meant by being not transparent, or a black box. And another thing, these 2 web pages about censorship in Singapore and Internet Censorship in Singapore aren't blocked in Singapore (don't laugh. And don't take things for granted). This shows that Singapore is more sensitive to moral issues than political ones. You can freely express your displeasure about government's blocking of certain porn sites in Singapore. I know for a fact that some Gulf States - Bahrain ad Dubai - would block many political websites like that. These are 2 of the most 'liberal' GCC states. I had been to both countries, and lived in Bahrain for nearly 3 months. I had nothing to do but surfed on the net, and ran into internet walls frequently. You could read my travel diaries for these 2 countries here. I'm not defending Singapore's censorship, but saying censorship, like governments, in many countries couldn't either classified as total autocracy or modelled democracy. They filled the whole spectrum in between the 2 extremes. Actually. the appearance of page shouldn't come as a total surprise. My blog's GA stats shown page views from China averaged once or twice a week before I went to Beijing. The joy of accessing my blog was short-lived. In the next day, the google ads was gone, and the day after, my blog had gone completely (the cat is out of the bag, and got killed). My blog site was out of reach by Chinese netizen. My snooping alerted the Chinese authority, and the loophole is now plugged. Or using a Chinese expression, "beating the grass and startle the snake" (打草惊蛇). I should smoke it, instead of beating it. Oh well, I was never a hit in Chinese blogosphere anyway, going by the page hits I got. Not in the same league as Han Han (the most popular Chinese blogger in the world. His blog has over 30 million hits). The dream of conquering the Chinese market like millions before me was dashed. Jokes aside. Regardless of the technical issues, very low percentage of the Chinese population could understand English. One can argue that I could install a translator on my blog to solve the language barrier, but Chinese netizen still have to do a English search to get to my site. I suspect the few visits to my site I got from China previously came from foreigners in China. So sorry laowai. Ok, they might get here by googling '打草惊蛇'. Chances are, they would type that into Baidu. I don't know if Baidu sent their spiders to crawl my blog. I wonder. I wonder whether my website was viewed by a human operator before it was decided to block it. Elsewhere, they may use some computer algorithm. Human capital is cheap in China. There're other reasons too why I think my blog was reviewed by somebody. After all, my blog's GA stats showed that it averaged only a few page views per week before. So why didn't it get blocked until now? It was so happened that when I accessed my blog from China, the post on the home page was my Gender Inequality & Imbalance in China article. Bugger! I guess they don't like this article, understandably. They decided to put me on the blocked list. Another thing. When I got back from China, I checked my blog's GA stats and it showed 55 hits in the week when I accessed my blog in Beijing. I could only account for a maximum of 10 of those hits. Somebody must have been busy reading my blog, and decided nobody in China should read it any further. I could be wrong. Since that 55-hit spike on the Richter scale in my stats chart, I get zero hit from China for the 3 weeks since. An absolute silence. Zilch! Or should I scream, ouch!    While what I wrote in this article isn't to China authority's liking, but much more critical things about Chinese government are being said by Chinese netizen everyday. Especially on weibo (Chinese twitter). The name weibo these days are synonymous with exposing corrupt Chinese government officials. A number of officials were arrested as a result of weibo's expose. In fact, the weibo now almost functions like a unofficial supervisory body for monitoring government officials. Just google "weibo exposes corruption", and you won't get a shortage of search result. It isn't just the Chinese citizen who are crying foul. President Hu Jintao in his farewell speech - a swan song if you will - stated that if the CCP doesn't clean up the official corruption, it willl be the end of the party. And the netizen scoffed at his speech that you could read in this article China web users greet Hu speech with derision. So what could I say about China that could be worse than Chinese web users? The weibo and blog sites are places that fill with criticism of the government for years, and their voice weren't silenced. It's wise that they don't suppress this voice of discontent, the voice of the people. They listened pretty closely. Is there political freedom of speech in China? Depending what yardstick you use. Maybe the blocking of my blog is simply based on commercial consideration. Chinese authority moves in mysterious ways. If you try to make any blanket statement about China, you're likely to be wrong. Especially today. I should know. I had accomplished of making a fool of myself many times before. Google in China Yes, internet users in China does have access to google search engine. It isn't blocked. Well, not, which doesn't exist. It simply takes you to the HK google URL, With the HK google search engine, you could search using English, or in either simplified and traditional Chinese in Mainland China. It's good for users who want to search websites outside Mainland China. Simply put, as far as internet users in Mainland China go, google search engine exists. What google failed to accomplished in China was to establish For internet users, it doesn't make the slightest difference between, and (if it exists). What does is giving higher rankings to Mainland Chinese websites. But one could do that with local Baidu search engine. David Copperfield's Great Wall's Magic Act I didn't want to give up so easily. Besides, I wanted to confirm if I could use anonymizer to tunnel through the Great Fire Wall of China. I tried HideMyAss, it didn't work. If at first, you don't suceed, try, try again. I applied this motto a few times. Eventually, I tried a less well known one like, and it worked! I had duplicated the David Copperfield famous act. And I was able to reach all the sites in the list above. Seems to me that HideMyAss is too successful for its own good, and it get blocked by the Chinese authority. While online-anonymizer is too small for the Chinese radar. When a forbidden plane fly into China's air space, it will be shot down. Something as small a a bird would go unnoticed. One word of warning. I have to stress this. Anomymiser, like antibiotics, is powerful and should be used sparingly. When you abuse antibiotics, it actually makes it less effective for the rest of the population until it loses all its effectiveness. Similarly when you use anonymiser too often, it suffers the same fate as HideMyAss, it got blocked, and loses its function. So only use it as a last resort. Let's not spoil it for the rest of us. I only did it to understand the Great Fire Wall of China. A great cause.    Lifting the Mist? I hope all this would clear up some of the mystery of the Great Fire Wall of China. There're still plenty of mystifying mist hang around. Clearing everything up is impossible. It remains a mystery wraps in an riddle inside an enigma. Does Censorship Work? Taboo increases the people's desire for something even more because we're blessed with curiosity. The best publicity for a book, a movie, a photo, or anything is to ban people from getting it. Isn't that the Biblical fable in the story of the Garden of Eden tells us? Don't eat the Forbidden Fruit. Guess what happens? It got eaten. This is human nature. The best real life example is Dan Brown's Da Vinci Code, which got a great publicity boost when a segment of the Church told people not to watch it.  Ironic, isn't it? People had to watch to see what the fuss is all about. They, at least, I was disappointed. I wouldn't watch it if the Church didn't tell me not to.  Similarly, the most popular Chinese art house films are those banned in China. Of course, many Chinese would be able to watch those banned movies. Taboo just increases the desire for it. Unless the authority have absolute control over it. That's not possible if you open your national borders. Such control is possible in DPRK today or China in Mao era. Censorship worked well before the globalisation facilitated by jet travel, and the invention of the world wide web. In those days, people spent most of their lives in their own countries - indeed their own cities. Travelling weren't so affordable (or comfortable, or speedy), and there was no internet. And so we obtained all our info from media like TV, magazines and newspapers. Censor that, and you control what people are allowed to know. When you open your borders, and let people travel in and out of your countries, information and ideas flow with it. And the internet further breaking down all these barriers. They move at a speed of light, far faster than the supersonic jets we once thought was fast. Now countries try to control the internet. Unfortunately for them, the internet crosses national boundaries, extremely complex, constantly evolving, and web users are increasingly savvy. In fact, Singapore is the most computer savvy in Asia according to this study, which ranks Singapore as 11th place for 2012 (way ahead of Japan, and even South Korea! Perhaps, proficiency in English helps). Living here for 3+ years, I could relate to this figure. Singaporean embraces IT technology keenly as evident by their 4 annual IT shows. Those shows are always packed. The web users enjoy generous bandwidth because of the size of the island country. E.g. I've a 2MB bandwidth (jealous?), which is quite common in Singapore even with their basic plans. I was in fact somewhat surprise that Australia actually ranks higher than Singapore in the web index. The Singapore Information Minister pointed out in this news article Ban on 100 Websites  in Singapore is just a symbolic move. I guess symbol is important in politics. The have to do something. You can't be seen as just giving up. That's quitter attitude. I thought internet censorship is as outdated as prostitution prohibition. And prostitution is legal in the Lion City (yet another nickname for Singapore). So we go on playing the game of let's the governments do what they please, we the people will do what we like. UPDATE (11/2/2013) As I explained in this article that my blogspot site wasn't blocked until I visited the site while in Beijing, and alerted them this loophole.